Written by: Edina Šić, Marco Melzi d’Eril, Konstantin Schutjajew, Magdalena J. Graczyk-Zajac, Hergen Breitzke, Ralf Riedel, Martin Oschatz, Torsten Gutmann, Gerd Buntkowsky
Abstract:Polymer-derived silicon carbonitride ceramic (SiCN) is used as an electrode material to prepare cylindrical sodium/sodium ion cells for solid-state NMR investigations. During galvanostatic cycling structural changes of the environment of sodium/sodium ions are investigated by applying 23Na in-situ solid-state NMR. Changes of the signals assigned to sodium metal, intercalated sodium cation and sodium cation originating from the electrolyte are monitored as well as the occurrence of an additional signal in the region of metallic sodium. The intensity of this additional signal changes periodically with the cycling process indicating the reversibility of structures formed and deformed during the galvanostatic cycling. To identify interactions of sodium/sodium ions with the SiCN electrode materials, the cycled SiCN material is studied by 23Na ex-situ MAS NMR at high spinning rates of 20 and 50 kHz to obtain appropriate spectral resolution.